Friday, February 27, 2009

PeakOilDebunked: 396. NUCLEAR POWER UPDATE

(Image from M. King Hubbert's 1956 paper "Nuclear Energy and the Fossil Fuels")Kentucky House panel approves nuclear billThe Tourism Development and Energy Committee of the Kentucky House has approved a bill that could lead to the lifting of a 25-year-old moratorium on the construction of nuclear power plants within the US state.Georgia lawmakers OK early recovery of nuclear costsThe Georgia House voted Thursday to let Georgia Power Co. begin charging customers for a planned nuclear power plant five years before it is due to go into service.The bill, which passed 107-66, already has cleared the Senate and now heads to Gov. Sonny Perdue for his signature.It would allow the utility to recover $2 billion in financing costs for the $14.4 billion expansion of Plant Vogtle near Augusta. Georgia Power plans to charge ratepayers $1.30 per month for the plant in 2011, when construction is due to begin.The charge would continue to increase by that amount each year until 2016, when the first of two new nuclear reactors is scheduled to begin operating.Iran tests first nuclear power plant in BushehrIran began testing out its first nuclear power plant on Wednesday in the southern port of Bushehr, the New York Times reports.Iranian officials say that fuel rods made of lead were used in place of nuclear fuel in order to test the 1,000 megawatt, Russian-built nuclear plant, according to the ISNA student news agency.Deputy head of Iran’s Nuclear Energy Organization Mohammad Saeedi told reporters that the fuel rods contained lead instead of the usual uranium.Meanwhile, Sergei V. Kiriyenko, the head of the Russian nuclear agency which helped built the power plant, said that the plant was “nearing its final stages before launching,” during his visit to Iran and that the construction was finished.Russia supplied Iran with the nuclear fuel to build the plant under arrangements of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which is the same UN agency that monitored the nuclear plants in North Korea’s Yongbyong.According to an IAEA report released last week, Iran is planning on loading fuel during the second quarter of 2009. Most Asean members want nuclear powerMost of the members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations are amenable to tapping nuclear power to promote alternative sources of energy, an official said yesterday.They expressed support for the idea even as they prepared to sign an agreement today that will allow governments to sell their oil to neighbors at “friendship” prices.“Nuclear energy is being seriously looked at, but we are still very much at the preliminary discussion stage, at the technical working group level,” Asean Deputy Secretary General Pushpanathan Sundram said in an interview during the Asean Business and Investment Summit.“There are some that are opposed to it, while others are pushing for it,” he said.Those in favor of creating or reactivating nuclear plants are Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar and Indonesia. After a 20-year ban, France helps Italy embrace nuclear energyTwenty years after banning new nuclear plants, Italy is turning to France to restore its nuclear program.On Tuesday, Italy’s Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi signed a cooperation deal with President Nicolas Sarkozy for the construction of four power plants in Italy.Italy shut down its four nuclear plants following a 1987 national referendum that rode a wave of fear and outrage over Russia’s Chernobyl reactor meltdown. Now it is joining a growing number of European countries – including Germany, Slovakia, and Bulgaria – that are returning to nuclear energy due to concerns both about carbon emissions and about the reliability of energy supplies from Russia.Workforce education for a nuclear energy revivalA rapidly growing demand for more electricity – from cleaner energy sources – has nuclear power poised for a revival in the United States.The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) expects companies in the energy industry to apply in the next two years for construction and operation licenses for more than 30 nuclear power plants.To respond to the demand for more expertise in the field, the Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering at Arizona State University is launching a graduate-level program in nuclear power generation.Wisconsin regulator says nuclear should be an optionWisconsin Public Service Commission Chairman Eric Callisto told attendees at an energy conference Monday that he believes legislators will end the state's ban on new nuclear power plants. But Tia Nelson, co-chairwoman of the Governor's Global Warming Task Force, called nuclear energy a "distraction" from efforts toward conservation and energy efficiency.Oklahoma nuclear power bill advances in committeeOklahoma lawmakers signaled their interest to go nuclear, approving legislation that would streamline the state's regulatory process and provide new incentives to build a nuclear power plant.Toshiba wins US nuclear plant projectsJapan's Toshiba Corp. said Wednesday it had won a contract to build two nuclear plants in the United States that are scheduled to start generating power in 2016.It is the first such contract a Japanese company has won overseas, covering the projects entirely from engineering and procurement to construction of the nuclear plants, the company said.Under the contract, Toshiba America Nuclear Energy Corp., a US-based Toshiba subsidiary, will build two Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) nuclear power plants in Texas.The plants, the first ABWRs to be constructed in the United States, will have an output of approximately 1,400 megawatts each, the company said.Two new nuclear power stations planned for Cumbrian coastTwo new nuclear power stations could be built on farmland in west Cumbria, as well as those already predicted for the Sellafield site.A German energy firm has revealed plans to build reactors on coastal sites near Egremont and Millom. These are separate to plans for reactor development on land around Sellafield.W.Va. lawmakers propose nuclear power ban repealSome West Virginia lawmakers hope to add nuclear power to the state's energy portfolio.A bipartisan group of senators has introduced legislation to repeal a partial 1996 ban on the building of nuclear power plants."A ban is inconsistent with West Virginia's claim that it is an energy state," said Sen. Brooks McCabe, the bill's lead sponsor.Algeria to erect nuclear Power plantThe Algerian government has announced its plans to erect the first ever nuclear power plant by 2020, Energy and Mining Minister Chakib Khelil has said.Minister Khelil said Algeria will also build new plants every five year after the erection of the fisrst station.The Minister said Algeria has already signed civil nuclear agreements with Argentina, France, China and the United States. “Algeria presently has two experimental nuclear plants in Draria, in the suburbs of Algiers and another one in Ain Oussera, near Djelfa about 300 kms from capital Algiers,” he said, stating that further negotiations were underway with Russia and South Africa.Jordan, Russia sign nuclear dealRussia, which is helping Iran build its first nuclear plant, inked a preliminary cooperation deal with Jordan on Thursday to pave the way for producing nuclear power in the energy-poor kingdom.Under the agreement, Russia will help Jordan, which imports around 95 percent of its energy needs, build power and desalination plants as well as research centres, Jordan Atomic Energy Commission head Khaled Tukan said."A final agreement will be signed in Moscow by the end March," Tukan told state news agency Petra after signing the deal with Nikolai Spassky, deputy director of the Russian Federal Agency for Nuclear Energy.Yucca Mountain is Dead! Long Live Fast Breeders?!The Obama administration's new budget essentially kills the Yucca mountain radioactive waste repository project. The original goal was to build a facility in which to safely store high level radioactive wastes from America's 104 nuclear power reactors. Anti-nuke environmentalist ideologues have long opposed the Yucca mountain facility. Their goal is make nuclear power impractical by blocking the waste disposal stream. But perhaps they've outfoxed themselves. nukepowerThe new budget promises that the Obama administration will “devise a new strategy toward nuclear waste disposal.” Well, there is already a strategy that will work, using fast breeder reactors to burn up waste and simultaneously produce more reactor fuel.Now Even “Greens” Are Turning To Nuclear PowerNuclear power has new converts, according to top UK environmentalists, as they made public their belief that this energy source is still required.Many have long opposed nuclear power because of the risk of weapons proliferation, as well as the difficulty of waste disposal.In spite of worries about nuclear power, global warming is seen as a more serious hazard.Nuclear is seen as an improvement over new coal-fired power plants.Britain will have a key energy gap over the coming years.Coal burning power stations and ageing nuclear power facilities will shutdown and the government is obliged to reduce carbon emissions by 80 per cent, not later than 2050.Therefore, many environmentalists are converting back to nuclear power.In a momentous piece for the Independent newspaper, a member of the Green Party, a past head of Greenpeace, and Lord Smith, Chairman of the Environment Agency and a prominent columnist, made known their coversion to supporting nuclear energy.India Targets 6,000-MW of Nuclear Power in 2009 The agreements with AREVA and TVEL come at a time when three reactors in the country are set to commence production. Units 5 and 6 at the Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant (2 X 220 MW), Unit 4 at the Kaiga Power Plant in Karnataka (220-MW) and one unit at the Koodankulam Power Plant in Tamil Nadu (1,000-MW) will go live this year. The steady supply of fuel is expected to boost atomic power production from the existing 17 facilities to about 6,000-MW by the end of 2009, with the reactors expected to operate at about 90 percent of their combined installed capacities.NPCIL is also embarking on a joint venture with NTPC Limited (New Delhi) to establish new nuclear plants in India based on indigenous "fast breeder reactor" technology. Five other reactors with a production potential of 2,660-MW are already under construction. The Atomic Energy Commission recently said that India would have 20,000-MW of nuclear power by 2020.German State Calls for Extension of Nuclear PowerGermany’s largest producer of wind- powered electricity, the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein, should extend the use of its three nuclear power plants, a government minister said.A mix of energy, including nuclear power, is the most sensible way to guarantee energy security and cut carbon-dioxide emissions, said state economy minister Werner Marnette, a member of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s ruling Christian Democratic Party.The minister’s comments renew the debate over atomic energy ahead of German federal elections later this year and follow Sweden’s Feb. 5 decision to scrap a ban on new atomic plants.“It’s essential that we allow our three nuclear plants to keep running or we won’t have enough energy,” Marnette said today in an interview in Husum. “Of course, we have to work on the security issues as well as the problem of waste.” Tender for Armenian nuclear power stationThe Armenian Government has announced a tender for holding a competition which will identify which company should undertake the construction of a new nuclear power station in the country. In 38 days the tender commission will announce the winner of this tender, who will then hold the competition and thereby identify the most appropriate power station constructor. China may help Vietnam build N-reactorA Chinese firm has started talks to help Vietnam in building its first nuclear power project to reduce electrical shortages in the country.China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group (CGNPG), one of the two main nuclear power plant operators in the country, announced Monday it was in talks with Vietnam to help the country construct its first nuclear power plant.According to a report on the website of the Shenzhen-based company, Vietnam plans to build two 1,000-mW reactors in Ninh Thuan Province on the lower central coast.Vietnam plans to build nuclear power projects with a total capacity of 4,000 mW by 2021, a CGNPG executive who declined to be named said. Manitoba town pushes for nuclear reactorThe town of Pinawa, Man., may be in line for a nuclear renaissance.The town of 1,500, 110 miles northeast of Winnipeg, is in discussions with Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., to possibly build a nuclear power plant on the site of AECL's Whiteshell Laboratories.Dale Coffin, a spokesman for AECL, said it's very much in the early discussion stage but said the idea of putting up a nuclear power plant in Pinawa is a good one.``From our point of view, Pinawa is already a licensed site, there are already experienced people working there, abundant water near by and it's close to the United States and transmission lines,'' said Coffin. ``There are some very positive features there already.''Third reactor at North Anna nuclear power plant debatedAbout 100 people turned out last night to argue for and against plans to build a third nuclear reactor at Louisa County's North Anna Power Station.The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission is evaluating the potential environmental impact of a third reactor at the nuclear power plant near Mineral. The agency used last night's meeting to gather public comments.Sweden lifts ban on nuclear powerNuclear power received a significant boost today when the Swedish government announced plans to overturn a near 30-year ban on atomic plants as part of a new drive to increase energy security and combat global warming.Ministers said they would present a bill on 17 March which would allow the construction of nuclear reactors on existing sites and introduce a new carbon tax as part of a programme to cut carbon emissions by 40% on 1990 levels by 2020.Kuwait eyes nuclear power with French help - paperKuwait is considering developing nuclear power with the help of a French firm to meet demand for electricity and water desalination, the country's ruler said in remarks published on Wednesday."A French firm is studying the issue," daily al-Watan quoted Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah as saying, adding that the oil-rich Gulf Arab state would only put nuclear power to civilian use and according to international laws.Nuclear power would "save a lot of wasted fuel in electricity and water desalination plants", he said, giving no further details. The emir did not specifically refer to any French firm in his published remarks.by JD

PeakOilDebunked: 396. NUCLEAR POWER UPDATE

(Image from M. King Hubbert's 1956 paper "Nuclear Energy and the Fossil Fuels")Kentucky House panel approves nuclear billThe Tourism Development and Energy Committee of the Kentucky House has approved a bill that could lead to the lifting of a 25-year-old moratorium on the construction of nuclear power plants within the US state.Georgia lawmakers OK early recovery of nuclear costsThe Georgia House voted Thursday to let Georgia Power Co. begin charging customers for a planned nuclear power plant five years before it is due to go into service.The bill, which passed 107-66, already has cleared the Senate and now heads to Gov. Sonny Perdue for his signature.It would allow the utility to recover $2 billion in financing costs for the $14.4 billion expansion of Plant Vogtle near Augusta. Georgia Power plans to charge ratepayers $1.30 per month for the plant in 2011, when construction is due to begin.The charge would continue to increase by that amount each year until 2016, when the first of two new nuclear reactors is scheduled to begin operating.Iran tests first nuclear power plant in BushehrIran began testing out its first nuclear power plant on Wednesday in the southern port of Bushehr, the New York Times reports.Iranian officials say that fuel rods made of lead were used in place of nuclear fuel in order to test the 1,000 megawatt, Russian-built nuclear plant, according to the ISNA student news agency.Deputy head of Iran’s Nuclear Energy Organization Mohammad Saeedi told reporters that the fuel rods contained lead instead of the usual uranium.Meanwhile, Sergei V. Kiriyenko, the head of the Russian nuclear agency which helped built the power plant, said that the plant was “nearing its final stages before launching,” during his visit to Iran and that the construction was finished.Russia supplied Iran with the nuclear fuel to build the plant under arrangements of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which is the same UN agency that monitored the nuclear plants in North Korea’s Yongbyong.According to an IAEA report released last week, Iran is planning on loading fuel during the second quarter of 2009. Most Asean members want nuclear powerMost of the members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations are amenable to tapping nuclear power to promote alternative sources of energy, an official said yesterday.They expressed support for the idea even as they prepared to sign an agreement today that will allow governments to sell their oil to neighbors at “friendship” prices.“Nuclear energy is being seriously looked at, but we are still very much at the preliminary discussion stage, at the technical working group level,” Asean Deputy Secretary General Pushpanathan Sundram said in an interview during the Asean Business and Investment Summit.“There are some that are opposed to it, while others are pushing for it,” he said.Those in favor of creating or reactivating nuclear plants are Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar and Indonesia. After a 20-year ban, France helps Italy embrace nuclear energyTwenty years after banning new nuclear plants, Italy is turning to France to restore its nuclear program.On Tuesday, Italy’s Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi signed a cooperation deal with President Nicolas Sarkozy for the construction of four power plants in Italy.Italy shut down its four nuclear plants following a 1987 national referendum that rode a wave of fear and outrage over Russia’s Chernobyl reactor meltdown. Now it is joining a growing number of European countries – including Germany, Slovakia, and Bulgaria – that are returning to nuclear energy due to concerns both about carbon emissions and about the reliability of energy supplies from Russia.Workforce education for a nuclear energy revivalA rapidly growing demand for more electricity – from cleaner energy sources – has nuclear power poised for a revival in the United States.The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) expects companies in the energy industry to apply in the next two years for construction and operation licenses for more than 30 nuclear power plants.To respond to the demand for more expertise in the field, the Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering at Arizona State University is launching a graduate-level program in nuclear power generation.Wisconsin regulator says nuclear should be an optionWisconsin Public Service Commission Chairman Eric Callisto told attendees at an energy conference Monday that he believes legislators will end the state's ban on new nuclear power plants. But Tia Nelson, co-chairwoman of the Governor's Global Warming Task Force, called nuclear energy a "distraction" from efforts toward conservation and energy efficiency.Oklahoma nuclear power bill advances in committeeOklahoma lawmakers signaled their interest to go nuclear, approving legislation that would streamline the state's regulatory process and provide new incentives to build a nuclear power plant.Toshiba wins US nuclear plant projectsJapan's Toshiba Corp. said Wednesday it had won a contract to build two nuclear plants in the United States that are scheduled to start generating power in 2016.It is the first such contract a Japanese company has won overseas, covering the projects entirely from engineering and procurement to construction of the nuclear plants, the company said.Under the contract, Toshiba America Nuclear Energy Corp., a US-based Toshiba subsidiary, will build two Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) nuclear power plants in Texas.The plants, the first ABWRs to be constructed in the United States, will have an output of approximately 1,400 megawatts each, the company said.Two new nuclear power stations planned for Cumbrian coastTwo new nuclear power stations could be built on farmland in west Cumbria, as well as those already predicted for the Sellafield site.A German energy firm has revealed plans to build reactors on coastal sites near Egremont and Millom. These are separate to plans for reactor development on land around Sellafield.W.Va. lawmakers propose nuclear power ban repealSome West Virginia lawmakers hope to add nuclear power to the state's energy portfolio.A bipartisan group of senators has introduced legislation to repeal a partial 1996 ban on the building of nuclear power plants."A ban is inconsistent with West Virginia's claim that it is an energy state," said Sen. Brooks McCabe, the bill's lead sponsor.Algeria to erect nuclear Power plantThe Algerian government has announced its plans to erect the first ever nuclear power plant by 2020, Energy and Mining Minister Chakib Khelil has said.Minister Khelil said Algeria will also build new plants every five year after the erection of the fisrst station.The Minister said Algeria has already signed civil nuclear agreements with Argentina, France, China and the United States. “Algeria presently has two experimental nuclear plants in Draria, in the suburbs of Algiers and another one in Ain Oussera, near Djelfa about 300 kms from capital Algiers,” he said, stating that further negotiations were underway with Russia and South Africa.Jordan, Russia sign nuclear dealRussia, which is helping Iran build its first nuclear plant, inked a preliminary cooperation deal with Jordan on Thursday to pave the way for producing nuclear power in the energy-poor kingdom.Under the agreement, Russia will help Jordan, which imports around 95 percent of its energy needs, build power and desalination plants as well as research centres, Jordan Atomic Energy Commission head Khaled Tukan said."A final agreement will be signed in Moscow by the end March," Tukan told state news agency Petra after signing the deal with Nikolai Spassky, deputy director of the Russian Federal Agency for Nuclear Energy.Yucca Mountain is Dead! Long Live Fast Breeders?!The Obama administration's new budget essentially kills the Yucca mountain radioactive waste repository project. The original goal was to build a facility in which to safely store high level radioactive wastes from America's 104 nuclear power reactors. Anti-nuke environmentalist ideologues have long opposed the Yucca mountain facility. Their goal is make nuclear power impractical by blocking the waste disposal stream. But perhaps they've outfoxed themselves. nukepowerThe new budget promises that the Obama administration will “devise a new strategy toward nuclear waste disposal.” Well, there is already a strategy that will work, using fast breeder reactors to burn up waste and simultaneously produce more reactor fuel.Now Even “Greens” Are Turning To Nuclear PowerNuclear power has new converts, according to top UK environmentalists, as they made public their belief that this energy source is still required.Many have long opposed nuclear power because of the risk of weapons proliferation, as well as the difficulty of waste disposal.In spite of worries about nuclear power, global warming is seen as a more serious hazard.Nuclear is seen as an improvement over new coal-fired power plants.Britain will have a key energy gap over the coming years.Coal burning power stations and ageing nuclear power facilities will shutdown and the government is obliged to reduce carbon emissions by 80 per cent, not later than 2050.Therefore, many environmentalists are converting back to nuclear power.In a momentous piece for the Independent newspaper, a member of the Green Party, a past head of Greenpeace, and Lord Smith, Chairman of the Environment Agency and a prominent columnist, made known their coversion to supporting nuclear energy.India Targets 6,000-MW of Nuclear Power in 2009 The agreements with AREVA and TVEL come at a time when three reactors in the country are set to commence production. Units 5 and 6 at the Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant (2 X 220 MW), Unit 4 at the Kaiga Power Plant in Karnataka (220-MW) and one unit at the Koodankulam Power Plant in Tamil Nadu (1,000-MW) will go live this year. The steady supply of fuel is expected to boost atomic power production from the existing 17 facilities to about 6,000-MW by the end of 2009, with the reactors expected to operate at about 90 percent of their combined installed capacities.NPCIL is also embarking on a joint venture with NTPC Limited (New Delhi) to establish new nuclear plants in India based on indigenous "fast breeder reactor" technology. Five other reactors with a production potential of 2,660-MW are already under construction. The Atomic Energy Commission recently said that India would have 20,000-MW of nuclear power by 2020.German State Calls for Extension of Nuclear PowerGermany’s largest producer of wind- powered electricity, the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein, should extend the use of its three nuclear power plants, a government minister said.A mix of energy, including nuclear power, is the most sensible way to guarantee energy security and cut carbon-dioxide emissions, said state economy minister Werner Marnette, a member of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s ruling Christian Democratic Party.The minister’s comments renew the debate over atomic energy ahead of German federal elections later this year and follow Sweden’s Feb. 5 decision to scrap a ban on new atomic plants.“It’s essential that we allow our three nuclear plants to keep running or we won’t have enough energy,” Marnette said today in an interview in Husum. “Of course, we have to work on the security issues as well as the problem of waste.” Tender for Armenian nuclear power stationThe Armenian Government has announced a tender for holding a competition which will identify which company should undertake the construction of a new nuclear power station in the country. In 38 days the tender commission will announce the winner of this tender, who will then hold the competition and thereby identify the most appropriate power station constructor. China may help Vietnam build N-reactorA Chinese firm has started talks to help Vietnam in building its first nuclear power project to reduce electrical shortages in the country.China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group (CGNPG), one of the two main nuclear power plant operators in the country, announced Monday it was in talks with Vietnam to help the country construct its first nuclear power plant.According to a report on the website of the Shenzhen-based company, Vietnam plans to build two 1,000-mW reactors in Ninh Thuan Province on the lower central coast.Vietnam plans to build nuclear power projects with a total capacity of 4,000 mW by 2021, a CGNPG executive who declined to be named said. Manitoba town pushes for nuclear reactorThe town of Pinawa, Man., may be in line for a nuclear renaissance.The town of 1,500, 110 miles northeast of Winnipeg, is in discussions with Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., to possibly build a nuclear power plant on the site of AECL's Whiteshell Laboratories.Dale Coffin, a spokesman for AECL, said it's very much in the early discussion stage but said the idea of putting up a nuclear power plant in Pinawa is a good one.``From our point of view, Pinawa is already a licensed site, there are already experienced people working there, abundant water near by and it's close to the United States and transmission lines,'' said Coffin. ``There are some very positive features there already.''Third reactor at North Anna nuclear power plant debatedAbout 100 people turned out last night to argue for and against plans to build a third nuclear reactor at Louisa County's North Anna Power Station.The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission is evaluating the potential environmental impact of a third reactor at the nuclear power plant near Mineral. The agency used last night's meeting to gather public comments.Sweden lifts ban on nuclear powerNuclear power received a significant boost today when the Swedish government announced plans to overturn a near 30-year ban on atomic plants as part of a new drive to increase energy security and combat global warming.Ministers said they would present a bill on 17 March which would allow the construction of nuclear reactors on existing sites and introduce a new carbon tax as part of a programme to cut carbon emissions by 40% on 1990 levels by 2020.Kuwait eyes nuclear power with French help - paperKuwait is considering developing nuclear power with the help of a French firm to meet demand for electricity and water desalination, the country's ruler said in remarks published on Wednesday."A French firm is studying the issue," daily al-Watan quoted Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah as saying, adding that the oil-rich Gulf Arab state would only put nuclear power to civilian use and according to international laws.Nuclear power would "save a lot of wasted fuel in electricity and water desalination plants", he said, giving no further details. The emir did not specifically refer to any French firm in his published remarks.by JD

PortlandPeakOil: Sustainability and Emergency Management

Start: Mar 25 2009 7:00 pm

Start: Mar 25 2009 7:00 pm

Description: 

Sustainability, Permaculture, Climate Change, Peak Oil… it is surprising how many interests intersect with Emergency Management.  Diverse disciplines from Sociology to Geology play a role in disaster preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery.  Reaching out to audiences who may not otherwise be engaged in Citizen Corps programs is as easy as focusing on our shared goals.
20 minute walkable or bikeable neighborhood communities, have been the determinant for CERT Teams.  This model corresponds very well with sustainable development, the ideals of Permaculturalists and Peak Oil/Transition Town participants.
Incorporating research and a broad based approach to presentations and other outreach activities is an excellent way to increase your community’s receptiveness to preparedness and mitigation efforts.  With the concept that disasters will occur, managing the impact and improving the resiliency of the communities we serve will take all of the tools in our tool box. 
Alice Lasher has a Bachelors Degree in Communications from Northern AZ University and has been in the fire service for 18 years.  An EMT, Public Information and Education Officer, Critical Incident Stress Manager, Peer Counselor, CERT trainer, Inspector and former Investigator, Alice teaches extensively across the region. Alice also currently serves as the Clackamas County Citizen Corps Co-Chair and the Urban Area Securities Initiative (UASI) representative as well as a UASI Public Information Officer representative.  Alice is a true advocate of working within the ICS/NIMS and firmly believes in the pivotal importance of citizen involvement/engagement in all aspects of Emergency Management (mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery).

Location

St. Francis Dining Hall1182 SE Pine St. (enter on Pine st, between 12th and 11th).
Portland, ORUnited States
45° 31' 14.7828" N, 122° 39' 13.662" W

Thursday, February 26, 2009

RevengeOfTheEV: Nissan Promises EV for 2010

nissanev
Nissan is a first tier OEM building a pure EV in the U.S. – for sale to regular folks.
They’re going to hit the market next fall, but will target Tennessee (where they will be made) and Oregon and Sonoma County, initially. (Carlos Ghosn must like the wine up that way or something.)
Regardless, once the $7,500 tax credit is accounted for, and the much lower maintenance costs, these should be about the same as buying a gas car, only the fuel will be less than a dollar a gallon equivalent. And your money stays domestic.
Buying one of these will cost about half what the Tesla Model S will cost and you can get it a full year earlier. It won’t be as cool as the Tesla, but most of us could afford one today.
Paul
Check out the article:
Nissan to launch electric car in Tennessee
By Mike Pare for the Chattanooga Times Free Press
Here’s a snippet from the article:
A top Nissan official in the U.S. said Monday that Tennessee is one of the first locations where it will sell its new all-electric car after it arrives in late 2010.
Also, the company eventually would like to make the car and its batteries in Smyrna, Tenn., and the Chattanooga area is in line for electric refueling infrastructure for the new vehicle, said Mark Perry, director of product planning and strategy for Nissan North America.
“Tennessee will be a launch market,” said Mr. Perry, additionally mentioning Oregon and Sonoma County, Calif.
The car will seat five and be in the size range of a Sentra or Versa, he told the Chattanooga Engineers Club.
“It will have 100 miles of pure battery range,” Mr. Perry said. He said Toyota’s 2010 Prius hybrid electric gets about 10 miles range on pure battery, while the planned Chevy Volt will get 40.
Mr. Perry said the Nissan, running on a lithium ion battery pack, won’t be a test model.
“We’re ready to go mass production and mass sales,” he said.

Here is the full text of the entire article, in case the link goes bad:
http://timesfreepress.com/news/2009/feb/17/nissan-launch-electric- car-tennessee
A top Nissan official in the U.S. said Monday that Tennessee is one of the first locations where it will sell its new all-electric car after it arrives in late 2010.
Also, the company eventually would like to make the car and its batteries in Smyrna, Tenn., and the Chattanooga area is in line for electric refueling infrastructure for the new vehicle, said Mark Perry, director of product planning and strategy for Nissan North America.
“Tennessee will be a launch market,” said Mr. Perry, additionally mentioning Oregon and Sonoma County, Calif.
The car will seat five and be in the size range of a Sentra or Versa, he told the Chattanooga Engineers Club.
“It will have 100 miles of pure battery range,” Mr. Perry said. He said Toyota’s 2010 Prius hybrid electric gets about 10 miles range on pure battery, while the planned Chevy Volt will get 40.
Mr. Perry said the Nissan, running on a lithium ion battery pack, won’t be a test model.
“We’re ready to go mass production and mass sales,” he said.
The Nissan official said that while the cost for a conventional vehicle of similar size may range from $28,000 to $30,000, the federal government is offering a tax credit of up to $7,500 on the electric. There also will be other steps to lower the buyer’s initial costs.
He said maintenance costs will be about $1,350 lower annually for the pure electric vehicle than a conventional car.
“The pay back is immediate,” Mr. Perry said. He estimated the cost to “fill the tank” in the Tennessee Valley at about 90 cents, and it will take about four to eight hours to do so at a residence.
Mr. Perry said plans are to get that time frame down to four hours in 2012.
Jim Frierson, who directs the Advanced Transportation Technology Institute in Chattanooga, said Nissan’s plans are “music to our ears.”
He said the drive for putting electric vehicles on the road is “the space race of the decade.”
In terms of recharging infrastructure, plans are to start in the Nashville-Murfreesboro-Franklin area. Nissan’s USA headquarters are located in Franklin. Then, plans are to gain infrastructure in Knoxville and Chattanooga and eventually into North Carolina, Mr. Perry said.
While the car will be made in Japan at first, Mr. Perry said the company likes to produce vehicles where they’re purchased.
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RevengeOfTheEV: Announcing EV Driven

evdriven
We want you to know about a new website and community for people who are passionate about Electric Vehicles. We’re excited to be a part of: EV Driven.
EV Driven aggregates the latest content from all these electric car blogs:
* Creative Greenius
* DIY Electric Car
* Electric Car Blog
* Electric Cars are for Girls
* Green Car Congress
* Green Gearhead
* My Green Wheels
* Open Source Civic EV Kit
* Plug In Partners
* Plugs and Cars
* Porsche 914 EV Conversion
* Revenge of the Electric Car
* Robs RAVolt
EV Driven is the brainchild of Dr. Tony Karrer.
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Cycle9: GRAND OPENING March 7th

Well, we've been in our new store for over 2 months, but now that spring is just around the corner, we're having a Grand Opening Party on Saturday March 7, 10am-5pm! As part of the party, we'll be doing a benefit for The ReCYCLEry, a very cool local non-profit that teaches people how to work on their bikes and runs a bicycle sharing program around town. You can check out their work at http://recyclery.info/ . A portion of all sales and proceeds from a bike raffle will go to the ReCYCLEry. So, why should you come? First off - FOOD! We'll have Free coffee and bagels in the morning to get you going. The coffee will be supplied by Johnny's, a Carrboro favorite. In the afternoon, we'll whip out the Xtracycle Blender for some Bike-Blended Smoothies! Pedal your way from frozen berries and ice to a smooth and delicious treat - it's amazingly easy. Come an' get 'em while their HOT (or COLD as the case may be). We'll be raffling off a Full Suspension Mountain Bike. Complete with disc brakes, this will take the trails or the streets in style. Tickets are only $2 or 3 for $5 and all proceeds will go to the ReCYCLEry. You don't need to be present to win, but you DO need to buy a ticket! (anytime between now and Saturday the 7th at 5PM)All our accessories will be on SALE - 7% goes back in your pocket and 7% does good in the community through the ReCYCLEry. All tubes will be ONLY $2 - we have 12" through 700c sizes, all shapes and configurations. Stock up for the summer at this awesome price!We'll also have some new bikes to check out in the electric and cargo realms. Come see and ride our new offerings! We'll be getting electric bikes by EcoBike, tried and tested in the hills of San Francisco. http://www.ecobike-usa.com/index.asp . We'll also have a few step-through models of our Cycle 9 electric bikes available. If carrying stuff is on your mind this spring, come check out the new Radish from Xtracycle. This longtail bike is compatible with all Xtracycle accessories but not as pricey as the Big Dummy. http://store.xtracycle.com/_e/Xtracycle_Complete_Bikes/product/BK-RAD-01... . And brand new is the Madsen cargo bike. This longtail can carry up to 4 small kids on the rear bench seats, or load it up with anything you can throw at it. The small rear wheel (20") and extra wide kickstand make it easy to load and handle. Come in for a test ride! http://www.madsencycles.com/See you Saturday!Saturday MARCH 7th10am - 5pm601 W. Main Street, Carrboro919-636-5909

Wednesday, February 25, 2009

LEVAdvisor: The XM-3000 Electric Moped

XM-3000 Electric Moped
The XM-3000 electric moped by X-Treme Scooters is a 3000 watt electric moped with a 45 mph top speed and a 50 mile range powered by a lead-acid battery pack.
The XM-3000 is X-Treme’s entry-level moped, and is the only one in X-Treme’s line to be powered by lead-acid batteries. The battery pack is composed of five 12 volt, 38 Amp batteries connected in series to create a 60 volt system. The batteries give the XM-3000 an average range of 50 miles, depending on rider weight and conditions. A smart charger is included, which recharge the moped’s batteries in about 7 hours.
The XM-3000 is powered by a 3000 watt brushless rear-hub motor, giving this moped a top speed of about 45 mph. Since the motor is hub-mounted, so there’s no chain or belt, which is normally the highest-maintenance part on electric mopeds of this type. The XM-3000’s braking system consists of a front hydraulic and rear leaf spring brake, giving it good stopping power.
The XM-3000 includes the standard accessories found on most full size mopeds, including headlights with high / low beams, taillights, brake lights, turn signals, side view mirrors, and key lock. The moped also includes an underseat storage compartment, speedometer and battery level indicator and comes with a toolkit to let you do simple adjustments.
Since the XM-3000 weighs about 344 lbs, it is shipped to your door from the distributor via private carrier. The XM-3000 is available online through an X-Treme Scooters dealer, and comes with a 6 month warranty. Retail price is about $3,000.
The XM-3000 electric moped is a DOT certified Motor Vehicle. This is not a toy! It is likely you will need a driver or motorcycle license to operate this moped. Consult your local DMV for more details before making your purchase.
Maintenance and Reliability
Users of older X-Treme products have noted that their shipping containers are often not adequate and the units arrive damaged. X-Treme has gone to great lengths to remedy this as of 2008. Other notes include some hardware issues on fixtures and non-essentials for performance that may need correction.
If you aren’t comfortable with basic hand tools (screwdrivers, wrenches), then you may want to spend more money for a higher-end model from another manufacturer. Otherwise, be prepared to replace some nuts, bolts and screws when they rattle out or shear. They are all standard sizes, so replacement is not an issue and many new owners are replacing them immediately.
Since this moped is equipped with a lead-acid battery pack, it is important that you not let the moped’s batteries become entirely discharged, as this could decrease battery life.
Technical Specs

  • Street Legal: Can Be Registered In All States
  • Watts: 3000 Watts
  • Amps: 55 Amps Max
  • Volts: 60 Volts
  • Batteries: 5 12 volt, 38 Amp batteries
  • Tire Size: 3.50 x 10 @ 36 PSI
  • Charger: Smart Charger Included
  • Tool Kit: Included
  • Speed: Top speed at 45 MPH
  • Distance: Max range 50 miles on a single charge
  • Throttle Type: Twist On Right Grip
  • Kick Stand: Equipped With /Safety And Insulated Kick Stand Switch
  • Braking System: Rear and Front Hydraulic DOT Disk Brakes
  • Drive System: Rear Wheel Hub Motor (No Chains)
  • Moped Size: 72″ (L) x 27″(W) x 55″(H)
  • Max Rider Weight: 400 LBS (2 can ride comfortably)
  • Shock Absorber: Front Hydraulic & Rear Spring
  • Scooter In Box Weight: 378 Lbs (Pallet included)
  • Scooter Weight: 344 Lbs
  • Controller: Digital Protected Waterproof Controller
  • Height: 47″
  • Warranty: 6 Month Scooter Warranty

Online Resources
XM-3000 Electric Moped – manufacturer’s product page.
LEV Advisor X-Treme Moped Forum – our own forum for X-Treme Electric Moped products.


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LEVAdvisor: The Giant Twist Freedom DX Electric Bicycle

Giant Twist Freedom DX Electric Bicycle
The Giant Twist Freedom DX electric bicycle is a pedal-assist electric bicycle with a 250 watt front-hub motor and a 24 volt, 18 aH lithium-ion battery pack. The Twist Freedom is Giant’s newest and most advanced electric bike model.
The Twist Freedom DX is powered by a 250 watt front hub motor that features a unique built-in clutch which enables ‘zero drag’ free wheeling. The free-wheeling clutch is a great feature as it allows for resistance-free pedaling when the bike is not in electric mode (the unpowered motor will not act as resistance on the drive train, unlike most other electric bicycles).

The Freedom DX is a pedal-assist electric bicycle, and features a three-setting pedal-assist power controller that lets you select the amount of power assistance provided by the bicycle. The settings range from Eco to Power, and each tweaks the human / electric power ratio: The Power setting makes the motor do most of the work, whereas the Eco setting will have you working harder to pedal the bike, but will also extend your bike’s battery life.

This electric bicycle is powered by dual 24 volt/ 9aH lithium-ion polymer batteries, giving the battery system a total of 18 aH of capacity at 24 volts. The lockable, quick-release battery packs are uniquely concealed inside rear rack panniers. The batteries can either be recharged while on the bike, or can be removed and recharged at home via a provided battery charger. The Twist can operate on a single battery if desired - this will lighten the bike’s weight, but halve range. The two-battery pack will give the Freedom DX 30-60+ miles of range, depending on the bikes pedal-assist setting and rider weight, and take about four hours to fully recharge.
The Freedom DX is geared using a Shimano Nexus 7-speed internal hub, and features front and rear hub brakes, a front fork + seat post suspension, a fully enclosed chain guard, rack + fenders, turn signals, as well as a rear light. Handlebar displays and controls include power level button, left + right battery switch and LED state-of-charge.
The Freedom DX is available in two frame styles and sizes: the step-thru (women’s model) frame model is offered in small and regular, and the Slope (men’s model) is available in regular and large. The step-thru model is available in dark silver/orange/tangerine colors and the Slope is available in dark silver/red/black.

Overall, this is a well-built electric bicycle with lots of features and a good price. While we feel that the small 250 watt motor is a bit anemic, Giant’s three-stage controller and quality bike platform makes up for this fact. The Giant Twist Freedom DX electric bicycle is available from authorized Giant retailers at a retail price of about $2,100.
Giant also offers a ‘Lite’ version of the Freedom DX, which is similar to the DX but comes with a single battery, in a black/silver color scheme and slightly different components. The Freedom ‘Lite’ retails for $1,700.
Both models come with a lifetime warranty on the bicycle frame, a six month warranty on the batteries, and a one year warranty on all other components.
Price and Availability
The Giant Twist Freedom DX electric bicycle is available from authorized Giant retailers at a retail price of about $2,100. The Giant Twist Freedom ‘Lite’ retails for $1,700.
Maintenance and Reliability

The Twist Freedom DX should be maintained like any other bicycle - occasional brake, derailleur, chain, seat, and fork adjustments may occasionally be necessary to keep your bike in top working condition.
This e-bike uses a sealed front-hub motor which should require almost no maintenance on the owner’s part, aside from common-sense cleanup like wiping dirt, dust or grime off. While the motor can tolerate wet conditions, don’t submerge it or subject it to overly wet conditions.
Giant electric bicycles have a reputation for quality and reliability as well as great customer service through their network of dealers, so you’re not likely to encounter problems getting your Express serviced if necessary.
Technical Specs

  • Size Slope: Regular / Large, Step-thru: Small / Regular
  • Color Slope: Silver/Red/Black, Step-thru: Silver/Tangerine/Orange
  • Frame ALUXX Grade Aluminum
  • Shock Fork Suntour, 63mm travel
  • Brakes Alloy Direct-Pull
  • Brakes levers Shimano Nexus
  • Cassette Shimano 18T, 7-speed Nexus Internal
  • Chain KMC Z51 Rustproof
  • Cranks Giant Pedal Plus, Alloy 46T
  • BB Cartridge
  • Rims Alloy Double Wall36H
  • Hubs Front: Syncdrive Motor, Rear: Shimano Nexus 7-speed
  • Spokes Stainless Steel 14G
  • Tires Kenda 700×35 w/Slime-filled Inner Tubes
  • Handlebar Alloy High Rise
  • Stem Alloy Adjustable
  • Seatpost Alloy MDU Suspension, 27.2
  • Saddle Slope: Unity Comfort Groove Plus w/Memory Foam, Step-thru: Unity Comfort Groove Plus Women’s w/Memory Foam
  • Pedals Alloy/Kraton Comfort Platform
  • EnergyPak 2 - Lithium Ion w/Charger
  • Extras Rear Alloy Rack w/EnergyPak Cover & Lock, Fenders, Kickstand, Bell, Rear LED Light

Online Resources
The Giant Twist Freedom DX electric bicycle - Manufacturer’s product page


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Autoblitz: Bentley Continental Supersports clocks 204 mph on road to Geneva motor show

By JULIAN RENDELLBling may not be the obvious place to be for a luxury sports car maker today, but here¹s Bentley showing what the ultimate development of the Continental GT will be.The Continental Supersports will be shown next week at the Geneva motor show as a production model. Its 630-hp turbocharged W12 will make it the fastest- and most-powerful Bentley ever.The headline figure is 204 mph, taking the Supersports into the stratospheric territory of production cars capable of eating-up a mile in less than 18 seconds.The Supersports can do this while drinking either standard pump fuel or E85, making it the first Bentley to be biofuel compatible, a step that all future Bentley models will make as the British company pushes toward a greener future.Started as an under-the-radar project, the Supersports is likely to become the best-selling Continental GT if Bentley¹s experience with its Speed models is anything to go by--the Speed model now makes up 60 percent of coupe sales."The Supersports is something my engineers worked on amongst themselves, to create the ultimate Continental, and then we picked it up as an official project," says Uli Eichhorn, Bentley chief engineer.The changes to make the Supersports run on E85 should not be underestimated, adds Eichhorn. As well as re-engineering the fuel system to cope with the corrosive ethanol, all the electronic subsystems had to be reprogrammed and revalidated.With U.S. regulatory approval still to be cleared, the Supersports will go into production the fall, with North American cars becoming E85-capable by summer 2010.The main change to the engine to increase power above 600 hp is extra boost from the twin turbos, whose airflow is eased by 10 percent larger intercoolers. The latest, quick-shifting version of ZF's six-speed automatic helps the higher output engine deliver sharper performance. Bentley quotes a i 0 to 60 mph in 3.7 seconds and 50 to 70 mph in 2.1 seconds.Billed as the ultimate "extreme" Bentley by the company, there are dozens of detailed underskin changes to ensure the Supersports delivers a special driving experience.Most significant is a new, rear-biased 60:40 torque split from the center differential for the four-wheel-drive system, which is said to reduce understeer and increase chassis adjustability on the throttle.But there's also a wider rear track, extended by 0.8-inch to enhance high-speed stability, and standard carbon ceramic brakes to haul the Supersports down from its tarmac-ripping top speed.Steering, suspension, spring and damper rates have all been revised, too, in line with the extended performance.The lower front suspension arm is now made from aluminum, the anti-roll bar is retuned and stiffer bushings improve steering responses.Even Bentley doesn't describe the 4,938-pound Supersports as lightweight, but it is considerably lighter than the Continental Speed.The rear seat is removed, a rear panel is made from carbon-fiber and new lightweight 20-inch wheels save 5.5 pounds per corner. In total the Supersports is 242 pounds lighter than the GT Speed.There are styling differences, too. The wider rear track necessitates new rear body panels that beef up the Supersports's rear haunch. Extra cooling vents are needed in the hood and front airdam, features that increase aggressiveness.A subtle change is new brightwork around the window openings, which now features a smoky-chrome look. Even this cosmetic change introduces new technology, the finish being applied for the first time to stainless steel using physical vapor deposition.Inside is new carbon-fiber trim, including a cross-cabin beam that looks like a body stiffener but is actually a luggage retaining bar.There's plenty of substance to this reworked Bentley Continental, which is also reflected in a significant 20 percent price rise. The figure is not final yet, but if you¹ve got around $250,00 to spend on a fabulous sports car, the Bentley Continental Supersports just jumped onto your wish list.source

President’s Day with a President

Thanks to an invitation from one of our early investors, I found myself spending Presidents Day at a round-table luncheon with former President Bill Clinton with a Sterling Silver Tesla Roadster Parked directly behind us. The round-table luncheon took place in Burbank, Calif., at the only LEED platinum-certified airplane hangar in the world.

The moderator was [...]

LEVAdvisor: Vietnamese Student Designs and Builds Foldable Backpack Electric Bicycle

Capella Electric Bicycle
A student at the Ho Chi Minh City University of Architecture has just designed - and built - a novel new foldable electric bicycle that can be carried like a backpack. The Capella, as Truong Minh Nhat of Saigon calls his creation, was entirely designed and built by him using existing and custom-designed bicycle parts he sourced from local manufacturers.
Nhat started his Capella project more than a half a year ago as his graduation thesis, and has since then put hundreds of hours of effort into his novel e-bike design.
Nhat spent the first month sketching out his e-bike design, which he says was inspired by the Unicorn that controls the star Capella in Greek mythology.
He then convinced several local bicycle manufacturers to create the many one-off parts required to build his machine. “I had to convince and explain a lot to bike component makers, although I was making only one and offered them high prices,” he says.
The Capella is a foldable electric bicycle with a top speed of 18mph and a motor-only range of about 10 miles. When not in use, the Capella’s wheels, chain and chain-ring bolt folds up into its body, and the entire bike can fit into a backpack for carrying. The Capella currently weighs about 12 kg, but Nhat is currently working to reduce this weight to 10kg (22 lbs).
While this e-bike only exists as the single model that Nhat hand-built, the inventor is refining his design before approaching Vietnamese manufacturers to have the bike mass-produced. “I am now studying ways to improve the bike’s eminent functions before seeking partners to launch the product in the market at a price reasonable for Vietnamese people.” Nhat said. We hope to see his e-bike here in the States some day.
Source: ThanhNienNews